include their own documentation in one of the sub-directories of
/usr/share/doc, which will be named after the
specific package. Mandriva Linux's own
documentation, when installed, is available in the
Entirely devoted to Linux and includes news, advisories, newsletters, and many other resources such as documentation, forums, tools, etc. Check out the site's documentation page.
Excellent site regularly fed with articles on present security issues. It also features articles about desktop, sound, and more. You should particularly check out the HOWTO section.
One of the most exhaustive Linux publications available, it covers everything from the latest security alerts to new distributions, information about current and past kernels, books, and a weekly newsletter (for subscribers only).
And, of course, remember your favorite search engines. Generally speaking, they are the most practical information seeking tools. A few carefully chosen keywords in a search engine often produce the answers you need for your specific problem. With Google ™, you can even make a Linux-oriented search by visiting its Linux section.
The Manual Pages (also known as “man pages”) are a set of exhaustive documents, which help you acquire better knowledge of Linux commands. The latter are usually issued through the “command line” and allow great control over your system. Although these man pages might seem discouraging at first, they offer great detail and we encourage you to browse through them when a problem occurs.
This should be your
primary source of information for
commands. Almost all commands have a manual page. Other items, such as
certain configuration files, library functions for programmers and
others system aspects also have their own man pages.
Man page contents are arranged in different sections. References to these are made in the following manner: for example, open (2) , fstab (5) respectively refer to the open page in section 2 and the fstab page in section 5.
The easiest way
to view a man page is through a browser. Using
man <manual page>
The names of the manual pages and their relevant sections appear at the top of each page. At the bottom of the page are references to other pages with related subjects (usually in the SEE ALSO section).
If you cannot find
the right manual page — for example, you want to use the
mknod function in one of your programs but you end up
on the mknod command page — make sure you spell out
the section explicitly. In our example: man 2 mknod.
If you forget the exact section, man -a mknod will
read through all the sections looking for pages named
info may be called up in two ways: either by omitting any argument, thereby placing you at the very top of the tree structure, or by adding a command or a package name, which (if it exists) opens the relevant page. For example:
indicates a link.
Moving the cursor to this link (using the arrow keys) and pressing
Enter takes you to the corresponding
published by the TLDP (The Linux Documentation
Project) are available in many languages and cover many aspects of your
system. As long as the proper packages are
howto-html-en package for the
HOWTOs provide you with an
answer to a specific question or a solution to a problem. The
documentation is located in the
/usr/share/doc/HOWTO/HTML/en/ directory. These are
HTML files readable and printable with any web
The list is quite
long. To get an idea of its length, consult the TLDP web
site. You can have the documents locally by installing the
howto-html package corresponding to your language.
You can then access them through the → menu.
encounter a complex problem, start by reading the corresponding
HOWTO, if available. Not only will you be given
a solution to your problem, but you will also learn a great deal at the
same time. Examples of what is covered range from networking
NET-3-HOWTO), sound card configuration
Sound-HOWTO), the writing of CD
CD-Writing-HOWTO) as well as
NIS and NFS configuration and much
An important step
is to check the modification dates of the